Triangles – Exercise 7.1 – Class IX

 

  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXIn quadrilateral ACBD, AC = AD and AB bisects ∠ A (see Fig. 7.16). Show that Δ ABC ≅ Δ ABD. What can you say about BC and BD?Solution:

In ∆ABC and ∆ABD, we have AC = AD

∠CAB = ∠DAB [line AB intersects ∠CAB]

AB is common line segment

⸫ ∆ABC = ∆ABD, [By SAS congruence]

⸫ BC = AB ©


  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXABCD is a quadrilateral in which AD = BC and ∠ DAB = ∠ CBA (see Fig. 7.17). Prove that

(i) Δ ABD ≅ Δ BAC

(ii) BD = AC

(iii) ∠ ABD = ∠ BAC.

Solution:

In the given figure, ABCD is a quadrilateral in which AD = BC and ∠ DAB = ∠ CBA

In Δ ABD = Δ BAC, we have,

AD = BC (given)

∠DAB = ∠CBA (given)

AB = AB (common line segment)

⸫ Δ ABD ≅ Δ BAC (By SAS congruence)

⸫ BD = AC (Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)

and ∠ ABD = ∠ BAC (Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)


  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXAD and BC are equal perpendiculars to a line segment AB (see Fig. 7.18). Show that CD bisects AB.

Solution:

In ΔAOD and ΔBOC, we have,

∠AOD = ∠BOC [vertically opposite angles]

∠CBO = ∠DAO [given]

and AD = BC [given]

⸫ΔAOD ≅ ΔBOC [By AAS congruence]

Also, AO = BO (Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)

Hence CD bisects AB


  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXl and m are two parallel lines intersected by another pair of parallel lines p and q (see Fig. 7.19). Show that Δ ABC ≅ Δ CDA.

Solution:

Given l ||  m and p||q

To prove ΔABC ≅ ΔCDA

In ΔABC and ΔCDA

∠BCA = ∠DAC (alternate interior angles)

AC = CA ( common)

∠BAC = ∠DCA (alternate interior angles)

⸫ ΔABC ≅ ΔCDA (ASA congruence)


  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXline l is the bisector of an angle ∠ A and B is any point on l. BP and BQ are perpendiculars from B to the arms of ∠ A (see Fig. 7.20). Show that:

(i) Δ APB ≅ Δ AQB

(ii) BP = BQ or B is equidistant from the arms of ∠ A.

Solution:

I is the bisector of an ∠ A

BP and BQ are perpendiculars.

(i) In  Δ APB and Δ AQB

∠P = ∠Q (right angles)

∠BAQ = ∠BAP (l is bisector)

AB = AB (common)

Therefore, Δ APB ≅ Δ AQB by AAS congruence condition.

(ii) BP = BQ by Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent, B is equidistant from the arms of ∠A


  1. Triangles - Exercise 7.1 – Class IXIn Fig. 7.21, AC = AE, AB = AD and ∠ BAD = ∠ EAC. Show that BC = DE.

Solution:

Given AC = AE , AB = AD and ∠BAD = ∠EAC

We have to prove, BC = DE

Let, ∠BAD = ∠EAC (Adding ∠DAC both sides)

∠BAD + ∠DAC = ∠EAC + ∠DAC

⇒∠BAC = ∠EAD

In, ΔABC and ΔADE,

AC = AE (given)

∠BAC = ∠EAD

AB = AD (Given)

Therefore, Δ ABC ≅ Δ ADE by SAS congruence condition

BC = DE by SAS congruence condition.


  1. 7AB is a line segment and P is its mid-point. D and E are points on the same side of AB such that ∠ BAD = ∠ ABE and ∠ EPA = ∠ DPB (see Fig. 7.22). Show that

(i) Δ DAP ≅ Δ EBP

(ii) AD = BE

Solution:

Given P is the midpoint of AB

∠BAD = ∠ABE and ∠EPA = ∠DPB

∠EPA = ∠DPB (adding ∠DPE both sides)

∠EPA + ∠DPE = ∠DPB + ∠DPE

⇒∠DPA = ∠EPB

In, Δ DAP ≅ Δ EBP,

∠DPA = EPB

AP = BP (P is the midpoint of AB)

∠BAD = ∠ABE (given)

Therefore, Δ DAP ≅ Δ EBP by ASA congruence condition

⇒AD = BE (Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)


  1. 8In right triangle ABC, right angled at C, M is the mid-point of hypotenuse AB. C is joined to M and produced to a point D such that DM = CM. Point D is joined to point B (see Fig. 7.23). Show that:

(i) Δ AMC ≅ Δ BMD

(ii) ∠ DBC is a right angle.

(iii) Δ DBC ≅ Δ ACB

(iv) CM = 1/2 AB

Solution:

(i) In ΔBMD and ΔAMC,

AM = BM (M is the midpoint)

∠CMA = ∠DMB (vertically opposite angles)

CM = DM (given)

⇒ ΔAMC ≅ ΔBMD by SAS congruence condition.

(ii) ∠ACM = ∠BDM (by Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)

Therefore, AC||BD as alternate interior angles are equal.

Now, ∠ACB + ∠DBC = 180˚

90˚ + ∠B = 180˚

∠DBC = 90˚

(iii) in ΔDBC and ΔACB

BC = CB (common)

∠ACB = ∠DBC (right angles)

DB = AC (byCorresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent)

⸫ Δ DBC ≅ Δ ACB by SAS congruence condition.

(iv) DC = AB (ΔDBC ≅ ΔACB)

DM = CM = AM = BM (M is midpoint)

⇒ DM + CM = AM + BM

⇒ DM + CM = AB

⇒ CM = 1/2 AB


Next exercise – Triangles – Exercise 7.2 – Class IX


 

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